Common name: This species has
been nick-named "The king of gentians' but there is no native common name
Latin name and synonyms:
Lagenanthus Gilg (1895)
Etymology: Lagenanthus got its name from the Latin/Greek
lagona/lagyna meaning a bottle, and anthos for flower,
indicating the long, bottleshaped flowers of this genus. The species
epithet princeps means leader/ruler in
one species, Lagenanthus princeps.
High elevation areas in mountains along the
Colombian-Venezuelan border in South America.
Branched shrub. Leaves ovate to
ovate-lanceolate. Flowers solitary or few, terminal, hanging. Calyx
campanulate, lobes ovate. Corollas
long-tubular, slightly inflated,
base yellow, middle with broad scarlet-red and orange bands; lobes short,
rounded, green. Stamens inserted close to base of corolla tube; filaments
and related plants:
Lagenanthus belongs to the tribe Helieae but its closest relative
within the tribe is not yet known. It shows some similarities to
Lehmanniella and Purdieanthus.
uses: None known.
(1849) though this was
“one of the noblest plants in existence”,
and it has been nicknamed 'the king of the genus Lisianthius" and
cause a small sensation due to its beauty when it was discovered and
introduced to the European horticulture in the 1800s. It is no longer
cultivated. The species Lagenanthus parviflorus (Ewan, 1952) turned
out to be a species of another family (Rubiaceae) and synonymous with
Ravnia triflora (Maas, 1981).
Lagenanthus has been included in Lehmanniella
in some treatments.
species (synonyms in parenthesis) and their distribution:
princeps (Lindl.) Gilg
princeps (Lindl.) J.E. Simonis ex P.J.M. Maas;
J. 1952. A review of the neotropical lisianthoid genus Lagenanthus
(Gentianaceae). Mutisia 4: 1-5.
P. J. M. 1981. On the true identity of Lagenanthus parviflorus Ewan (Gentianaceae).
Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 68: 685-688.
P. J. M. 1985. Nomenclatural notes on neotropical Lisyantheae
(Gentianaceae). Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., Ser. C, 88: 405-412.
L., J. W. Kadereit, J. Klackenberg, S. Nilsson, M. Thiv, K. B. von Hagen,
& V. A. Albert. 2002. Systematics, character evolution, and
biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal
classification. Pp. 21-309. In: L. Struwe & V. A. Albert (eds.),
Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History, Cambridge University Press,
© Lena Struwe, 2004