are used by humans worldwide for a variety of purposes. Their beauty
has inspired authors, poets, artists, and gardeners for centuries.
Gentians also provide medicines, timber, and other useful products.
a unique combination of the phytochemicals seco-iridoids and xanthones.
The seco-iridoids are bitter, and a gentian is the source of the most
bitter compound known. No gentians are very poisonous, but due to
their bitterness they are seldom eaten by animals.
The stemless gentian (Gentiana acaulis) is well-known as one of the flowers symbolizing the Alps, and
deep-blue, large trumpet-shaped flowers are commonly found adoring items from
Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. Other gentians that are often
used in artwork and as decoration are other species of gentians (Gentiana),
centauries (Centaurium), fringed gentians (Gentianopsis), pua
kenikeni (Fagraea), Persian violet (Exacum), and prairie
gentian or lisianthus (Eustoma).
names of gentians
anti-inflammatory, digestives, for fevers
Products containing gentians
species with medicinal properties
and skincare: Perfumes, cleaning lotions
folk art, design, inspiration; stamps, coins, souvenirs, postcards, gentian comics
and poetry, folklore:
and floriculture: garden plants, cut flowers, and potted plants
places, companies, and other things named after
symbols/logos or flowers for places or organizations
© Lena Struwe, 2004