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updated: 01/19/11 

references and publications

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Abrams, L. 1951. Gentianaceae. Pp. 350-365. In: Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States: Washington, Oregon, and California, vol. 3: Geraniaceae to Scrophulariaceae. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Adams, C. D. 1972. Gentianaceae. Pp. 582-586. In: Flowering plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

Adams, L. G. 1995. Chionogentias (Gentianaceae), a new generic name for the Australasian "snow gentians", and a revision of the Australian species. Austral. Syst. Bot. 8: 935-1011.

Adams, L. G. 1996. Gentianaceae. Pp. 72-103. In: A. Wilson, editor. Flora of Australia, vol. 28. CSIRO, Melbourne.

Adanson, M. 1763. Familles de plantes, vol. 2. Vincent, Paris.

Aeschiman, D. & H. M. Burdet. 1994. Gentianaceae. Pp. 299-305. In: Flore de la Suisse et des territoires limitrophes, ed. 2. Editions du Griffon Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel.

Agababyan, V. S. & K. T. Tumanyan. 1976a. Materialy k palinomorfologicheskomu izucheniyu semeystva Gentianaceae 2 (Exacinae i Chironiinae). Biol. Zh. Armenii 29(7): 35-42. (In Russian)  

Agababyan, V. S. & K. T. Tumanyan. 1976b. Materialy k palinomorfologicheskomu izucheniyu semeystva Gentianaceae 1 (Erythraeinae). Biol. Zh. Armenii 29(5): 26-38. (In Russian) 

Agababyan, V. S. & K. T. Tumanyan. 1977a. Materialy k palinomorfologicheskomu izucheniyu semeystva Gentianaceae 4. Biol. Zh. Armenii 30(8): 43-53. (In Russian)

Agababyan, V.S. & K. T. Tumanyan. 1977b. Materialy k palinomrfologicheskomu izucheniyu semeystva Gentianaceae 3 (Gentianinae) Biol. Zh. Armenii 30(1): 40-47. (In Russian)

Aitken, E. & D. G. Long. 1996. Notes relating to the flora of Bhutan: XXX. Gentianaceae  Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 53(1): 81-94.

Aitken, E. 1999. Family 160. Gentianaceae. Pp. 602-656. In: A. J. C. Grierson & D. G. Long, editors. Flora of Bhutan. Edinburgh Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh.

Albert, V. A. & L. Struwe. 1997. Phylogeny and classification of Voyria (saprophytic Gentianaceae). Brittonia 49: 466-479. (pdf)

Albert, V. A. & L. Struwe. 2002. Gentianaceae in context. Pp. 1-20. In: L. Struwe & V. A. Albert, editors. Gentianaceae – systematics and natural history. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Allen, C. K. 1933. A monograph of the American species of the genus Halenia. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 119-222.

APG (The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group). 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 531-553.

Arnott, G. A. W. 1839. Exaci species ex peninsula Indica ac ex insula Ceylano. Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 2, 11: 175-176.

Aublet, M. F. 1775. Histoire des plantes de la Guiane Françoise, vol. 1. P.-F. Didot, London & Paris.

Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965a. Loganiaceae. Pp. 206-212. In: Flora of Java, vol. 2. N. V. P. Noordhoff, Groningen.

Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1965b. Gentianaceae. Pp. 437-441. In: Flora of Java, vol. 2. N. V. P. Noordhoff, Groningen.

Backlund, A. & B. Bremer. 1997. Phylogeny of the Asteridae s. str. based on rbcL sequences, with particular reference to the Dipsacales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 207: 225-254.

Backlund, M., B. Oxelman, & B. Bremer. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships within the Gentianales based on ndhF and rbcL sequences, with particular reference to the Loganiaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1029-1043. (pdf)

Baillon, M. H. 1888. Observations sur le Veratrilla. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 729-730.

Baillon, H. E. 1888-1891. Histoire des Plantes, vol. 10. Librairie Hachette & Co., Paris

Baker, J. G. & N. E. Brown. 1903. Gentianaceae. Pp. 544-587. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, editor. Flora of tropical Africa, vol. 4(1). L. Reeve and Co., London.

Balfour, I. B. 1884. Diagnoses plantarum novarum Phanerogamarum Socotrensium, etc. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 76-98.

Balgooy, M. M. J. van & P. W. Leenhouts. 1966. Fagraea Thunb. Pp. 168-169. In: C. G. G. J. van Steenis & M. M. J. van Balgooy, editors. Pacific plant areas, vol. 2. Blumea, suppl. 5.

Bamps, P. 1982. Une nouvelle espece de Faroa (Gentianaceae) au Zaïre. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 52: 486-487.

Bamps, P. 1987. Un nouveau Faroa (Gentianaceae) du Zaïre. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 57: 479-48.

Bartlett, M. 1975. Gentians. Blandford Press, Ltd, Poole, United Kingdom.

Beccari, O. 1890. Malesia 3. Fratelli Bencini, Firenze-Roma.

Beddome, R. H. 1874. Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis. Gantz Borthers, Madras.

Bentham, G. 1854. Notes on north Brazilian Gentianeae, from the collections of Mr. Spruce and Sir Robert Schomburgk. J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 193-204.

Bentham, G. 1857. Notes on Loganiaceae. J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 1: 52-115.

Bentham, G. 1869. Flora Australiensis, vol. 4. L. Reeve & Co, London.

Bentham, G. 1876. Gentianeae. Pp. 799-820. In: G. Bentham & J. Hooker, editors. Genera plantarum, vol. 2, part 2. Lovell Reeve & Co., Williams & Norgate, London.

Berhaut, J. 1975. Gentianaceae. Pp. 55-73. In: Flore illustrée du Sénégal, vol. 4. Gouvernement du Senegal, Ministere du Develloppement Rural et de L’Hydralique, Direction des Eaux de Forets, Dakar.

Berry, G. H. 1930’s. Gentians in the garden. Farrar, Straus, & Young. Inc., New York, NY.

Beuzenberg, E, J. & J. B. Hair. 1983. Contributions to chromosome atlas of the New Zealand flora – 25, miscellaneous species. New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 13-20.

Bisset, N. G. 1980a. Phytochemistry. Pp. 211-233. In: A. J. M. Leeuwenberg, editor. Engler and Prantl’s Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Angiospermae: Ordnung Gentianales, Fam. Loganiaceae, vol. 28b (1). Duncker and Humblot, Berlin.

Bisset, N. G. 1980b. Useful plants. Pp. 238-244. In: A. J. M. Leeuwenberg, editor. Engler and Prantl’s Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Angiospermae: Ordnung Gentianales, Fam. Loganiaceae, vol. 28b (1). Duncker and Humblot, Berlin.

Blackwell, W. H., Jr. 1968. Family 159. Loganiaceae. In: R. E. Woodson, R. W. Schery, & collaborators. Flora of Panama, part VIII. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 54: 393-413.

Blume, C. L. 1826. Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsh Indië. Lands Drukkerij, Batavia.

Böcher, T. W., B. Fredskild, K. Holmen, & K. Jakobsen. 1978. Pp. 174-177. In: Grønland’s flora, ed. 3. P. Haase & Søns Forlag, København.

Boiteau, P. 1986. Médecine traditionelle et pharmacopée. Précis de matière médicale Malgache. Agence de cooperation culturelle et technique, Paris.

Bolòs, O. de & J. Vigo. 1995. Gentianàcies. Pp. 111-130. In: Flora dels Països Catalans, vol. 3. Barcino, Barcelona.

Bonafè Barcelo, F. 1979. Gentianàcies. Pp. 317-324. In: Flora de Mallorca, vol. 3. Moll, Mallorca.

Borgmann, E. 1964. Anteil der Polyploiden in der Flora des Bismarksgebirges von Ostneuguinea. Z. Bot. 52 (2): 118-172.

Borkhausen, M. B. 1796. Über Linne´s Gattung Gentiana. Pp. 23-30. In: D. J. J. Roemer, editor. Archiv für die Botanik, vol. 1(1). In der Schäferschen Buchhandlung, Leipzig. 

Borodin, J. 1892. Trav. Soc. Imp. Nat. St. Petersb. 22: 131-137.

Bouman, F., L. Cobb, N. Devente, V. Goethals, P. J. M. Maas, & E. Smets. 2002. The seeds of Gentianaceae. Pp. 498-572. In: L. Struwe & V. A. Albert, editors. Gentianaceae – systematics and natural history. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bouman, F. & S. Schier. 1979. Ovule ontogeny and seed coat development in Gentiana, with a discussion on the evolutionary origin of the single integument. Acta Bot. Neerl. 28: 467-478.

Boutique, R. 1971. Deux Gentianacées nouvelles du Congo-Kinshasa. Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 41: 261-264.

Boutique, R. 1972. Gentianaceae. Pp. 1-56. In: P. Bamps, editor. Flore d’Afrique Centrale (Zaire-Ruanda-Burundi). Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Brussels.

Braun, A. 1830. Lomatogonium; ein neues Genus für Gentiana carinthiaca Froehl. Flora 13: 293-297.

Bremer, B., R. G. Olmstead, L. Struwe, & J. A. Sweere. 1994. rbcL sequences support exclusion of Retzia, Desfontainia, and Nicodemia from the Gentianales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 190: 213-230.

Bremer, B. & L. Struwe. 1992. Phylogeny of the Rubiaceae and the Loganiaceae: Congruence or conflict between molecular and morphological data? Amer. J. Bot. 79: 1171-1184. (pdf)

Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, ed. 2. Charles Scribner´s sons, New York, NY.

Britton, N. L. 1918. Gentianaceae. Pp. 291-292. In: Flora of Bermuda. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York, NY

Broome, C. R. 1976. The Central American species of Centaurium (Gentianaceae). Brittonia 28: 413-426.

Broome, C. R. 1978. Chromosome numbers and meiosis in North and Central American species of Centaurium (Gentianaceae). Syst. Bot. 3: 299-312.

Brown, M. L. & R. G. Brown. 1984. Gentianaceae. Pp. 733-743. Herbaceous plants of Maryland. Book Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae van-Diemen, vol. 1. R. Taylor, London.

Brown, R. 1818. Observations systematical and geographical on the herbarium collected by Professor Christian Smith, in the vicinity of Congo. W. Bulmer & Co., London.

Browne, P. 1756. The civil and natural history of Jamaica in three parts, ed. 1. T. Osborne & J. Shipton, London.

Bruce, E. A. & J. Lewis. 1960. Loganiaceae. Pp. 1-47. In: C. E. Hubbard & E. Milne-Redhead, editors. Flora of tropical East Africa. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London.

Bureau, L.–É. 1856. De la famille des Loganiacées, et des plantes qu’elle fournit a la médecine. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine. Faculté de Médecine de Paris, Paris. 

Calder, J. A. & R. L. Taylor. 1968. Gentianaceae. Pp. 479-482. In: Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands, part 1: systematics of the vascular plants. Roger Duhamel, Ottawa.

Card, H. H. 1931. A revision of the genus Frasera. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 18: 245-282.

Carlquist, S. 1984. Wood anatomy of some Gentianaceae: systematic and ecological conclusions. Aliso 10: 573-582.

Carlquist, S. & J. R. Grant. 2005. Wood anatomy of Gentianaceae, tribe Helieae, in relation to ecology, habit, systematics, and sample diameter. Brittonia 57(3): 276-291.

Carpenter, I., H. D. Locksley, & F. Scheinmann. 1969. Xanthones in higher plants: biogenetic proposals and a chemotaxonomic survey. Phytochemistry 8: 2013-2026.

Caruel, T. 1886.Gentianaceae. In: F. Parlatore. Flora Italiana continuata da Teodoro Caruel, vol. 6. Le Monnier, Firenze.

Chamisso, L. K. A., von & D. F. L. von Schlechtendahl. 1826. De plantis in expeditione speculatoria Romanoffiana observatis rationem dicunt Ad. de Chamisso et D. de Schlechtendal. Linnaea 1: 1-677.

Chassot, P. 2000. Phylogenetic position of the genus Swertia (Gentianaceae) in the subtribe Swertiinae. Amer. J. Bot. 87 (suppl.): 118-119.

Chassot, P., Nemomissa, S., Yuan, Y.M. and Kupfer, P. 2001. High paraphyly of Swertia L. (Gentianaceae) in the Gentianella-lineage as revealed by nuclear and chloroplast DNA variation. Plant Syst. Evol. 229: 1-21.

Cherneva, O. V. 1961. Gentianaceae. Pp. 95-109. In: A. I. Vvedensky, editor. Flora Uzbekistanica, vol. 5. Akademiya nauk Uzbekskoy SSR, Tashkent. (In Russian)

Christopher, J. 1976. In: IOPB-chromosome number report 52. Taxon 25: 344.

Clapham, A. R., T. G. Tutin, & D. M. Moore. 1987. Gentianaceae. Pp. 351-355. In: Flora of the British Isles, ed. 3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Clarke, C. B. 1875. Notes on Indian Gentianaceae. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 423-457.

Clarke, C. B. 1885. Gentianaceae. Pp. 93-132. In: J. D. Hooker, editor. The flora of British India, vol. 4. L. Reeve & Co., London.

Clarke, C. B. 1905 [1906]. Flora of the Malayan peninsula. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 74, II: 86-91.

Clewell, A. F. 1985. Gentianaceae. Pp. 365-368. In: Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. Florida State University Press, Tallahassee, FL.

Coates Palgrave, K. 1991. Trees of southern Africa, ed. 2. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

Cobb, L. & P. J. M. Maas. 1983. Seed coat micromorphology in Irlbachia (Gentianaceae). Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. C, 86: 127-136.

Cobb, L. & P. J. M. Maas. 1998. A new species of Tachia (Gentianaceae) from Suriname. Brittonia 50: 11-18.

Cody, W. J. 1996. Gentianaceae. Pp. 483-487. In: Flora of the Yukon Territory. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.

Colla, L. A. 1834. Herbarium Pedemontanum, vol. 3. ex Typis Regis, Torino.

Conard, H. S. 1951. Gentianaceae. In: Plants of Iowa, keys for determining the names of the native trees, shrubs, flowers and ferns and most of the cultivated plants of Iowa (Tracheata), ed. 7. Grinnell, IA.

Conn, B. J., E. A. Brown, & C. R. Dunlop. 1996. Loganiaceae. Pp. 1-72. In: A. Wilson, editor. Flora of Australia, vol. 28. CSIRO, Melbourne.

Cooperrider, T. S. 1995. Gentianaceae. Pp. 294-304. In: The vascular flora of Ohio, vol. 2, the dicotyledoneae, part. 2, Linaceae through Campanulaceae. Ohio State University Press, Columbus, OH.

Corneliuson, J. 1997. Växternas namn - Vetenskapliga växtnamns etymology. Wahlström & Widstrand, Stockholm. [The meaning of Latin names, in Swedish, very informative if you know Swedish]

Corner, E. J. H. 1988. Wayside trees of Malaya, vol. 1, ed. 3. The Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.

Correa, M. N. 1999. Gentianaceae. Pp. 48-55. In: Flora Patagonica, part 6, Dicotyledones Gamopétalas (Ericaceae a Calyceraceae). Coleccion Cientifica del INTA, Buenos Aires.

Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1979. Gentianaceae. Pp. 1204-1210. In: Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX.

Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Gentianaceae. Pp. 1118-1124. In: D. S. Correll & H. B. Correll, editors. Flora of the Bahama archipelago. J. Cramer, Vaduz, FL.

Coste, H. 1990. Gentianaceae. Pp. 557-565. In: Flore Descriptive et Illustrée de la France, de la Corse et des contrées limitrophes. Librairie Scientifique et Technique, Albert Blanchard, Paris.

Cramer, L. H. 1981. Gentianaceae. Pp. 55-78. In: M. D. Dassanayake, editor. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon, vol. 3. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Crane, P. R., E. M. Friis, & K. R. Pedersen. 1995. The origin and early diversification of angiosperms. Nature 374: 27-33.

Crepet, W. L. & C. P. Daghlian. 1981. Lower Eocene and Paleocene Gentianaceae: floral and palynological evidence. Science 214: 75-77.

Cripps, C. 1993. Conservation strategy: Frasera umpquaensis, green gentian or Umpqua swertia. Umpqua National Forest.

Croat, T. B. 1978. Gentianaceae. Pp. 697-699. In: Flora of Barro Colorado Island. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. R. Reveal, & P. K. Holmgren. 1984. Gentianaceae. Pp. 4-23. In: Intermountain flora, vol. 4, subclass Asteridae (except Asteraceae). The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY.  


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Daly, D. & J. D. Mitchell. 2000. Lowland vegetation in tropical South America. Pp. 391-454. In: Lentz, D. L (ed.). Imperfect balance. Columbia University Press, New York.

Daniel, M. & S. D. Sabnis. 1978. Chemical systematics of family Gentianaceae. Curr. Sci. 47: 109-111.

da S. Ribeiro, J. E. L. and collaborators. 1999. Gentianaceae. Pp. 566-567. In: Flora da Reserva Ducke: Guia de identificação das plantas vasculares de uma floresta de terra-firme na Amazônia Central. INPA, Manaus.

Davis, P. H., editor. 1978. Gentianaceae (auctt. div.). Pp. 176-195. In: Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 6. University Press, Edinburgh.

Deam, C. C. 1970. Gentianaceae. Pp. 755-760. In: Flora of Indiana. J. Cramer, Lehre, IN.

De Laet, J. & E. Smets. 1996. A commentary on the circumscription and evolution of the order Gentianales, with special emphasis on the position of the Rubiaceae. In: Robbrecht, E., Puff, C. & E. Smets (eds.) Second International Rubiaceae Conference. Proceedings: 11-18, 5 figs. Opera Botanica Belgica 7. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise. 432 p.

Demiri, M. 1983. Gentianaceae. Pp. 361-364. In: Flora Ekskursioniste e Shqiperise. Tirane.

Don, D. 1836. Descriptions of Indian Gentianaceae. London Edinburgh Philos. Mag. J. Sci. 8: 75-78.

Don, G. 1837-38. A general history of the dichlamydeous plants, vol. 4, Corolliflorae. J. G. & F. Rivington et al., London.

Downie, S. R. & J. D. Palmer. 1992. Restriction site mapping of the chloroplast inverted repeat: A molecular phylogeny of the Asteridae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 266-283.

Dunal, F. 1852. Solanaceae. Pp. 1-690. In: A. P. de Candolle, editor. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, vol. 13(1). Victoris Masson, Paris.

Duncan, W. H. & C. L. Brown. 1954. Connate anthers in Gentiana (Gentianaceae). Rhodora 56: 133-136.

Dyer, R. A. 1975. The genera of southern African flowering plants, vol. 1, Dicotyledons. Dept. of Agricultural Technical Services, Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

Elias, T. S & A. Robyns. 1975. Family 160. Gentianaceae. Pp. 61-101. In: R. E. Woodson, Jr., R.W. Schery, and collaborators, editors. Flora of Panama, part 8. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 62.

Elliston, L. O. Natural History, Genetics and Population Biology of Sabatia kennedyana (Plymouth Gentian): An Endangered Plant of Atlantic Coastal Plain Pondshores (unpublished Powerpoint Presentation with notes). 

Elliston, L. O. Natural History, Genetics and Population Biology of Sabatia kennedyana (Plymouth Gentian): An Endangered Plant of Atlantic Coastal Plain Pondshores (Powerpoint Presentation with notes). 

Elliston, L. O. Animated Graphics of the Life History Stages for Sabatia kennedyana (Plymouth Gentian) Depicting Demographic Spatial Distribution and Changes Within Permanent Plots Over Five Years  (animated movie). 

Elliston, L. O. Animated Graphics of the Life History Model for Sabatia kennedyana (Plymouth Gentian) Depicting Demographic Changes and Stage Transitions Within Permanent Plots Over Five Years (animated movie). 

Endlicher, S. L. 1838. Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita. F. Beck, Vienna.

Endlicher, S. L. 1841. Enchiridion botanicum. F. Beck, Vienna.

Endress, M. E., B. Sennblad, S. Nilsson, L. Civeyrel, M. W. Chase, S. Huysmans, E. Grafström, & B. Bremer. 1996. A phylogenetic analysis of Apocynaceae s. str. and some related taxa in Gentianales: a multidisciplinary approach. Opera Bot. Belg. 7: 59-102.

Engelmann, G. & A. Gray. 1881 [1880]. A new genus of Gentianaceae, Geniostemon Engelm. & Gray. In: A. Gray, editor. Contributions to North American botany. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 16: 78-108.

Erdtman, G., B. Berglund, & J. Praglowski. 1961. An introduction to a Scandinavian pollen flora. Almqvist & Wiksell, Stockholm.

Ewan, J. 1947. A revision of Chorisepalum, an endemic genus of Venezuelan Gentianaceae. J. Wash. Acad. Sciences 37: 392-396.

Ewan, J. 1948a. A revision of Macrocarpaea, a neotropical genus of shrubby gentians. Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 29: 209-251.

Ewan, J. 1948b. A review of Purdieanthus and Lehmanniella, two endemic Colombian genera of Gentianaceae, and biographical notes on Purdie and Lehmann. Caldasia 5: 85-98.

Ewan, J. 1952. A review of the neotropical lisianthoid genus Lagenanthus (Gentianaceae). Mutisia 4: 1-5.

Fabris, H. A. 1953. Sinopsis preliminar de las Gencianaceas argentinas. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 4: 233-259.

Fabris, H. A. & R. M. Klein. 1971. Gentianaceae. Pp. 3-30. In: P. R. Reitz, editor. Flora Illustrada Catarinense, part 1, fascicle GENC. Itajaí, Santa Catarina.

Favarger, C. 1949. Contribution à l’etude caryologique et biologique des Gentianacées. Bull. Soc. Bot. Suisse 59: 62-86.

Favarger, C. 1952. Contribution à l’etude caryologique et biologique des Gentianacées. II. Bull. Soc. Bot. Suisse 62: 244-257.

Favarger, C. 1960. Etude cytologique du Cicendia filiformis et du Microcala pusilla (Gentianaceae). Bull. Soc. Bot. France 197: 94-98.

Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gentianaceae. Pp. 1153-1165. In: Gray’s manual of botany. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR.

Fernald, M. L. & C. A. Weatherby. 1932. Bartonia: a comedy of errors. Rhodora 23: 284-300.

Fiori, A. 1925. Gentianaceae. Pp. 250-263. In: Nuova Flora Analitica d'Italia. M. Ricci, Firenze

Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet. 1974. A new variety of Fagraea berteriana (Gentianaceae). Phytologia 28: 470-472

Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet. 1980. Systematic studies of Micronesian plants. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 45: 1-40.

Fournet, J. 1978. Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris.

Fournier, P. 1961. Gentianaceae. Pp. 853-864. In: Les Quatre Flores de France. Editions Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

Franchet, M. A. 1899a. Latouchea. Page 212. In: M. M. Finet & M. A. Franchet, editors. Sur une collection de plantes réunie dans le fokien, par M. et Mme. de la Touche. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 46: 204-215.

Franchet, M. A. 1899b. Les Swertia et quelques autres Gentianees de la Chine. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 46: 302-324.

Frasier, C. L., V. A. Albert, & L. Struwe. 2002. Comparison of biogeographic and phylogenetic patterns in a medicinally important gentian genus in Latin America (Potalia; Gentianaceae-Potalieae). Botany 2002 conference, Madison, WI, Aug 2002. [poster] (abstract)

Friedmann, F. 1994. Flore des Seychelles, Dicotylédones. Editions de l’Orstom: Institut français de recherche scientifique pour le développement en coopération, Paris.

Fries, T. C. E. 1923. Die Swertia-Arten der afrikanischen Hochgebirge. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 77: 505-534.

Gagnepain, F. 1929. Un genre nouveau de Gentianacées. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 76: 776-777.

Gardner, G. 1843. Descriptions of four new genera of plants from the Organ Mountains. Lond. J. Bot. 2: 9-15.

Garg, S. 1987. Gentianaceae of the north west Himalaya (a revision). Today and Tomorrow´s Printers and Publishers, New Dehli.

Geesink, R. 1973. A synopsis of the genus Swertia (Gent.) in Malesia. Blumea 21: 179-183.

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A-C      D-G        H-L       M-Q       R-S      T-Z



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A-C      D-G        H-L       M-Q       R-S      T-Z



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