Common name: yellow
name and synonyms: Gentiana lutea L.
The plant is common in mountainous regions of Europe, including the Alps,
Jura, Massif Central, and Pyrenees.
It grows at rather low elevation in
alpine meadows, and blossoms from July to August.
herb with large tap root and at least up to 1 m tall. Leaves large
and deeply veined, in basal rosette until flowering. Flowers in terminal
and axillary clusters, each cluster with a large leaf below it.
Corolla deeply divided, yellow (petals nearly free), and not with folds (plicae)
uses: This species is commonly used for
medicinal purposes and
to flavor alcoholic drinks (bitters). The root is harvested by digging up
whole plants. Gentianae Radix is the pharmaceutical name of the
root of Gentiana lutea. (see comic)
is one of the few species in Gentiana that has rotate (very
deeply divided) corollas and no glandular disk at the base of the ovary.
It is also the type species of the genus Gentiana, despite its