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This page is maintained 
by Dr. Lena Struwe 
(e-mail), and hosted by
Rutgers University
, USA

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updated: 01/19/11 

Plants named after gentians

 

Many plants have been named after their similarity to certain gentian species.  To indicate similarity, the ending -oides is added to the Latin name of the species, for example exacoides means similar to Exacum.  The endings -flora/um and -folia/um refer to the flowers and leaves, respectively. Several of these species are no longer accepted, but are considered synonyms of other species. As you can see, many gentians are named after their similarity to other gentians.

 

Here are some examples (family is indicated in parenthesis):

 

named after Exacum:

Belmontia exacoides Druce (Gentianaceae)

Gentiana exacoides Gilg (Gentianaceae)

Gentiana exacoides Linn. (Gentianaceae)

Hippion exacoides F. W. Schmidt (Gentianaceae)

Neurotheca exacoides Gilg (Gentianaceae)

Sebaea exacoides Schinz (Gentianaceae)

Swertia exacoides Burkill (Gentianaceae)

 

named after Gentiana:

Crossopetalum gentiana Andrz. ex Trautv. (Gentianaceae)

Crossopetalum gentianoides Roth (Gentianaceae)

Curtia gentianoides Cham. & Schlecht. (Gentianaceae)

Gentiana gentianella Hort. ex Bergmans (Gentianaceae)

Gentianella gentianoides (Franch.) H. Smith (Gentianaceae)

Halenia gentianoides Wedd. (Gentianaceae)

Hippion gentianella F. W. Schmidt (Gentianaceae)

Lapithea gentianoides Griseb. (Gentianaceae)

Sabatia gentianoides Ell. (Gentianaceae)

Swertia gentianifolia Chiov. (Gentianaceae)

Swertia gentianoides Franch. (Gentianaceae)

Tetragonanthus gentianodes Kuntze (Gentianaceae)

 

named after Halenia:

Neuroloma haleniana Andrz. ex Ledeb.

 

named after Lisianthius:

Asclepias lisianthoides N. E. Br. (Apocynaceae)

Echitella lisianthiflora (Bojer) Pichon

Echites lisianthiflora Boj.

Glossostelma lisianthoides (Decne.) Bullock

Gomphocarpus lisianthoides Decne. (Apocynaceae)

Mascarenhasia lisianthiflora A. DC.

Schultesia lisianthoides Benth. & Hook. f. ex Hemsl. (Gentianaceae)

Xestaea lisianthoides Griseb. (Gentianaceae)

 

named after Obolaria:

Schultzia obolarioides Rafin.

 

named after Swertia:

Gentiana swertia E. H. L. Krause (Gentianaceae)

Gentiana swertioides Griseb. (Gentianaceae)

Hedyotis swertioides Hook. f. (Rubiaceae)

Hypericum swertioides H. Koidzumi (Clusiaceae)

Impatiens swertioides Warb. (Balsaminaceae)

Masdevallia swertiaefolia Rchb. f.

Masdevallia swertiaefolia Reichb. f.

Oldenlandia swertiodes Kuntze

Saxifraga swertiaeflora Leveille (Saxifragaceae)

Scaphosepalum swertiaefolium Rolfe

Silene swertiaefolia Boiss. (Caryophyllaceae)

 

 Lena Struwe, 2004

 

Gentian Research Network, 2002-2011.
For corrections and additions, contact Lena Struwe at struwe@aesop.rutgers.edu