Latin name and synonyms:
Helia Mart. (182-276)
Etymology: Helia might be named after the Greek word helios,
This genus has never been revised and is thought to include about 1-2
species. A revision is currently being prepared by Maria Fernanda Calio,
Highlands of southeastern Brazil.
Wet grasslands, meadows, and savannas.
branched. Leaves in basal rosette, obovate to spathulate. Inflorescence
terminal, cymose, long-stalked. Flowers 5-merous, actinomorphic. Corolla
salvershaped, white to yellow, tube narrow, lobes rounded, persistent in
fruit. Calyx campanulate, lobes elliptic, rounded at apex. Stamens
inserted in corolla tube; pollen in tetrads. Stigma broadly bilamellate.
Fruit medially dehiscent capsule.
and related plants: Helia
is the type genus of the tribe Helieae, but
its precise position in the tribe is not yet known. Presumably is
belongs to the Symbolanthus clade of tribe Helieae, together with
other tetrad-bearing gentians such as
Chelonanthus, Symbolanthus, and
uses: None known.
species (synonyms in parenthesis) and their distribution:
L., J. W. Kadereit, J. Klackenberg, S. Nilsson, M. Thiv, K. B. von Hagen,
& V. A. Albert. 2002. Systematics, character evolution, and
biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal
classification. Pp. 21-309. In: L. Struwe & V. A. Albert (eds.),
Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History, Cambridge University Press,
©Lena Struwe, 2004