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This page is maintained 
by Dr. Lena Struwe 
(e-mail), and hosted by
Rutgers University


updated: 01/19/11 

Common names of gentians
- arranged by common name

Link to Common names arranged alphabetically by Latin nameL

The convoluted history of the name Lisianthus


Please be aware that the same common name can be used for several different species.  A Latin name is unique to a species.


Common name Genus Species Language (country)
`Awiwi Centaurium sebaeoides Hawaiian
Agueweed Gentianella quinquefolia English (US)
ague-weed Gentianella quinquefolia English (US)
alkali centaury Centaurium trichanthum English (US)
Alkali Centaury Centaurium trichanthum English (US)
alpine Gentian Gentiana newberryi English (US)
Alpine Gentian Gentiana newberryi English (US)
American Centaury Sabatia angularis English (US)
American columbo Frasera caroliniensis English (US)
American Spurred-Gentian Halenia deflexa English (US)
American-Columbo Frasera caroliniensis English (US)
ängsgentiana Gentianella amarella Swedish
Annual sea-pink Sabatia stellaris English (US)
Appalachian Gentian Gentiana austromontana English (US)
Appalachian gentian Gentiana decora English (US)
Apparating Moon-gentian Macrocarpaea apparata English
arctic gentian Gentiana algida English (US)
Arizona Centaury Centaurium calycosum English (US)
arun Centaurium sp. Swedish
Autumn Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella amarella English (US)
autumn gentian Gentiana heterosepala English (US)
baggsöta Gentiana purpurea Swedish
Bédomodio Anthocleista procera Poular (Guinea [Af.])
Béhidé modio Anthocleista procera Poular (Guinea [Af.])
Beďdho moďdhio Anthocleista procera Poular (Guinea [Af.])
Beďdho moďdhio Anthocleista procera Poular (Guinea [Af.])
Beďdho moďlo Anthocleista procera Poular (Guinea [Af.])
Bigleaf Gentian Gentiana macrophylla English
Biglow gentian Gentiana affinis English (US-TX)
Bitter Clover Centaurium umbellatum English
Bitter Clover Sabatia angularis English (US)
Bitter Root Gentiana sp. English
Bitter Wort Gentiana sp. English
Bitterbloom Centaurium umbellatum English
Bitterbloom Sabatia angularis English (US)
Bitterroot Gentiana lutea English
Bitterwort Gentiana lutea English
blekgentiana Gentianella aurea Swedish
bluebells Eustoma russellianum English (US-TX)
Blue-Ridge gentian Gentiana austromontana English (US)
bog gentian Gentiana calycosa English (US)
bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsi English (US)
Bottle Gentian Gentiana clausa English (US)
Bottle gentian Gentiana saponaria English (US-TX)
Branched Centaury Centaurium pulchellum English (US)
Branching centaury Centaurium pulchellum English (US)
Bristly Gentian Gentiana plurisetosa English (US)
Britton's Centaury Centaurium quitense English (US)
Broad-Petal Gentian Gentiana platypetala English (US)
Buckley centaury Centaurium calycosum English (US-TX)
Cabbage Tree Anthocleista grandiflora English
Cabbage Tree Anthocleista nobilis English
Cabbage Tree Anthocleista sp. English
Campanilla-Amarilla Lisianthius laxiflorus Spanish (US)
canchalagua Centaurium venustum  
Catchfly Prairie-Gentian Eustoma exaltatum English (US)
Centaury Centaurium sp. English
Centaury Sabatia angularis English (US)
Centiyane Gentiana lutea  
Charming Centaury Centaurium venustum English (US)
Chin-chiu Gentiana macrophylla Chinese?
Chinese chirata Swertia bimaculata  
Chirata Swertia chirata English (India)
Chirayta Swertia chirata  
Chiretta Swertia chirata English
Chiricahua Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella microcalyx English (US)
Chiricahua Mountain Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella wislizeni English (US)
Christ's Ladder Centaurium umbellatum English
Closed Bottle Gentian Gentiana andrewsii English (US)
closed gentian Gentiana andrewsi English (US)
Closed Gentian Gentiana rubricaulis English (US)
Clustered Elkweed Frasera fastigiata English (US)
Clustered Green-gentian Frasera fastigiata English (US)
Coahuila Elkweed Frasera parryi English (US)
Coastal plain gentian Gentiana catesbaei English (US)
Colorado Elkweed Frasera coloradensis English (US)
Columbo Frasera caroliniensis English (US)
Common centaury Centaurium erythraea English (US)
common microcalis Cicendia quadrangularis English (US)
Common Tembusu Fagraea fragrans  
Crested Gentian Gentiana septemfida English (US)
Cross Gentian Gentiana cruciata English (US)
Dane's Dwarf-Gentian Comastoma tenella English (US)
Davy's Centaury Centaurium davyi English (US)
Deerears Frasera speciosa English (US)
Demba iri Anthocleista procera Soussou
Demba niouma Anthocleista procera Malinké (Guinea [Af.])
Desert Centaury Centaurium exaltatum English (US)
Desert Centaury Centaurium exaltatum English (US)
Desert Elkweed Frasera albomarginata English (US)
Dissa ouri Anthocleista procera Soussou (Guinea [Af.])
Downy Gentian Gentiana puberulenta English (US)
dvärgarun Centaurium pulchellum Swedish
Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella   English (US)
Elkweed Frasera   English (US)
Elliott's Gentian Gentiana catesbaei English (US)
Enzian Gentiana   German
European Centaury Centaurium erythraea English (US)
explorer's gentian Gentiana calycosa English (US)
fältgentiana Gentianella campestris ssp. campestris Swedish
Feather Gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
Felwoort Gentiana lutea  
Felwort Gentianella amarella English (US)
Felwort Swertia sp. English (US)
Fever Tree Anthocleista sp. English
Feverwort Centaurium erythraea English
Feverwort Centaurium umbellatum English
fjällgentiana Gentiana nivalis Swedish
flockarun Centaurium erythraea var. erythraea Swedish
Forest fever tree Anthocleista grandiflora English (S. Afr.)
Foréta débé Anthocleista procera Malinké (Guinea [Af.])
Foréta lafira Anthocleista procera Malinké (Guinea [Af.])
Forking centaury Centaurium erythraea English (US)
Four-Part Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella propinqua English (US)
Frasera Swertia chirata English
Fringed gentian Gentianopsis crinita English (US)
Fringed Gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis sp. English (US)
gall weed Gentiana lutea English
Genciana Gentiana lutea  
Gentian Gentiana sp. English
Gentian Gentiana sp. English (US)
Gentian Gentianella sp. English (US)
Gentian Gentianopsis sp. English (US)
gentian root Gentiana scabra Chinese?
gentiana Gentiana sp. Swedish
gentianaväxter Gentianaceae sp. Swedish
Gentiane jaune Gentiana lutea French
Genziana Gentiana sp. Italian
Ghostplant Voyria sp. English (US)
Giant Frasera Frasera speciosa English (US)
Golden Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella aurea English (US)
Grand Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis macrantha English (US)
Great Lakes gentian Gentiana rubricaulis English (US)
Greater Fringed Gentian Gentianopsis crinita English (US)
Green Gentian Frasera speciosa English (US)
Green Gentian Swertia chirata English
Green gentian Swertia sp. English (US)
Harvestbells Gentiana saponaria English (US)
hedgentiana Cicendia filiformis Swedish
hill Chirata Swertia sp. English (India)
huvudarun Centaurium erythraea var. capitatum Swedish
Indian Balmony Swertia chirata English
Indian Gentian Swertia chirata English
Inyo Elkweed Frasera puberulenta English (US)
Inyo Green-gentian Frasera puberulenta English (US)
Island Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis nesophila English (US)
June Centaury Centaurium muhlenbergii English (US)
Katkerot Gentiana sp. Finnish
Katkerokasvit Gentianaceae sp. Finnish
Kern Elkweed Frasera tubulosa English (US)
Kern Green-gentian Frasera tubulosa English (US)
Ketokatkerot Gentianella sp. Finnish
Khobodi guensa Anthocleista procera Soussou (Guinea [Af.])
King's-Scepter Gentian Gentiana sceptrum English (US)
Kingwood Fagraea fragrans  
Kirata-Tikta Swertia chirata Sanskrit
Klamath gentian Gentiana plurisetosa English (US)
klockgentiana Gentiana pneumonanthe Swedish
Kogan Anthocleista procera Malinké (Guinea [Af.])
Kongan Anthocleista procera Malinké (Guinea [Af.])
kustarun Centaurium littorale var. littorale Swedish
kustgentiana Gentianella campestris ssp. baltica Swedish
Lady Bird's Centaury Centaurium texense English (US)
lappgentiana Comastoma tenella Swedish
Lava-Slope Centaury Centaurium sebaeoides English (US)
Lesser centaury Centaurium pulchellum English (UK)
Lesser fringed gentian Gentianopsis procera English (US)
lira de san pedro Eustoma russellianum Spanish (US-TX)
lisianthus Eustoma russellianum English (US)
Long Dan Cao Gentiana scabra Pin Ying (Chinese)
Long Dan Cao Gentiana sp. Pin Ying (Chinese)
Louloula Anthocleista procera Guerzé (Guinea [Af.])
Macoun's Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis macounii English (US)
Marsh-Felwort Lomatogonium rotatum English (US)
marsh-felwort Lomatogonium sp. English (US)
Marsh-pink Sabatia sp. English (US)
Marsh-pink Sabatia stellaris English (US)
Meadow bottle gentian Gentiana clausa English (US)
Meadow closed gentian Gentiana clausa English (US)
Mendocino Gentian Gentiana setigera English (US)
Monterey Centaury Centaurium muehlenbergii English (US)
Monument-Plant Frasera speciosa English (US-TX)
Moon-gentian Macrocarpaea sp. English
Moss Gentian Gentiana fremontii English (US)
mountain gentian Gentiana calycosa English (US)
Mountain pink Centaurium beyrichii English (US-TX)
Mt. Graham Spurred-Gentian Halenia recurva English (US)
Muhlenberg's centaury Centaurium muehlenbergii English (US)
Murderer's Mat Anthocleista sp. English
Narrow-Leaf Gentian Gentiana linearis English (US)
Newberry's Alpine Gentian Gentiana newberryi var. newberryi English (US)
Northern gentian Gentianella amarella English (US)
northern gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
One-Flower Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis simplex English (US)
One-flowered fringed gentian Gentianopsis simplex English (US)
One-flowered gentian Gentiana autumnalis English (US)
One-flowered Gentian Gentianopsis simplex English (US)
Oregon Timwort Cicendia quadrangularis English (US)
pale gentian Gentiana flavida English (US)
Pale Gentian Gentiana glauca English (US)
pale gentian Gentiana lutea English
Parry's Gentian Gentiana parryi English (US)
Parry's Green-gentian Frasera parryi English (US)
Penny-wort Obolaria virginica English (US)
Perennial Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis barbellata English (US)
Perennial sea-pink Sabatia dodecandra English (US)
Pine Green-gentian Frasera neglecta English (US)
Pine-Barren Gentian Gentiana autumnalis English (US)
Pine-Green Elkweed Frasera neglecta English (US)
Pleated Gentian Gentiana affinis English (US-TX)
Plymouth gentian Sabatia kennedyana English (US)
Praire Gentian Eustoma russelianum English (US)
Prairie bottle gentian Gentiana andrewsii English (US)
prairie centaury Sabatia campestris English (US)
Prairie closed gentian Gentiana andrewsii English (US)
Prairie-Gentian Eustoma sp. English (US)
Prairie-gentian Gentiana puberulenta English (US)
Pua Keni-keni Fagraea berteroana Hawaiian
Pygmy Gentian Gentiana prostrata English (US)
Qin Jiao Gentiana macrophylla Pin Ying (Chinese)
Quinineweed Centaurium beyrichii English (US)
Rainier Pleated Gentian Gentiana calycosa English (US)
rantasapet Centaurium sp. Finnish
Red Centaury Sabatia angularis English (US)
rindo Gentiana sp. Japanese
Rock centaury Centaurium beyrichii English (US-TX)
Rocky Mountain Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
Rocky Mountain Gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
Rose Pink Sabatia angularis English (US)
Rose-Gentian Sabatia sp. English (US)
Rose-pink Sabatia Sabatia angularis English (US)
Rosita Centaurium calycosum Spanish (US-TX)
Santa Catalina Mountain Centaury Centaurium nudicaule English (US)
Screwstem Bartonia paniculata English (US-TX)
Screwstem Bartonia   English (US)
Screw-stem Bartonia paniculata English (US)
Sea-pink Sabatia sp. English (US)
Sea-pink Sabatia stellaris English (US)
Sea-rose Orphium frutescens English (S. Afr.)
Seaside Centaury Centaurium littorale English (US)
Semesu Fagraea fragrans  
Showy Gentian Gentiana decora English (US)
Showy Prairie-Gentian Eustoma russellianum English (US)
Sierra Fringed gentian Gentianopsis holopetala English (US)
Sierran Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis holopetala English (US)
Slender marsh-pink Sabatia campanulata English (US)
Slim bartonia Bartonia paniculata English (US-TX)
small-toothed pleated gentian Gentiana affinis var. parvidentata English (US)
Snow Gentian Gentiana nivalis English (US)
soapwort gentian Gentiana saponaria English (US-TX)
Spike centaury Centaurium spicatum English (US)
Spiked Centaury Centaurium spicatum English (US)
Spring Gentian Gentiana verna English (US)
Spring-Loving Centaury Centaurium namophilum English (US)
Spurred-Gentian Halenia sp. English (US)
Star gentian Swertia perennis English (US)
Star Green-gentian Swertia perennis English (US)
stemless gentian Gentiana lutea English
Sticky flower Orphium frutescens English (S. Afr.)
Stiff gentian Gentianella quinquefolia English (US)
stjärngentiana Lomatogonium rotatum Swedish
strandgentiana Gentianella detonsa Swedish
Striped Gentian Gentiana villosa English (US)
Striped gentian Gentiana willosa English (US)
sumpgentiana Gentianella uliginosa Swedish
Sunnyside Elkweed Frasera gypsicola English (US)
Swamp Gentian Gentiana douglasiana English (US)
swamp gentian Gentiana saponaria English (US-TX)
Tall prairie gentian Eustoma exaltatum English (US-TX)
Tchalé boundalé Anthocleista procera Kissi (Guinea [Af.])
Tchalé boundalin Anthocleista procera Kissi (Guinea [Af.])
Tembusu Fagraea fragrans  
Temensu Fagraea fragrans  
Temesu Fagraea fragrans  
Temusu Fagraea fragrans  
Teringbos Orphium frutescens Afrikaans?
Texas bluebell Eustoma russelianum English (US)
Texas Bluebell Eustoma russelianus English (US)
Texas centaury Centaurium texense English (US)
Texas Screwstem Bartonia texana English (US)
Timwort Cicendia sp. English (US)
Tioga gentian Gentiana newberryi var. tiogana English (US)
topparun Centaurium littorale var. glomeratum Swedish
Trumpet Gentian Gentiana acaulis English (US)
Trumpet Gentian Gentiana clusii English (US)
Tufted Elkweed Frasera paniculata English (US)
Tulip gentian Eustoma russelianus English (US)
Tundra Gentian Gentiana nutans English (US)
Twining Screwstem Bartonia paniculata English (US)
Upland Sabatia Sabatia capitata English (US)
Utah Dwarf-Gentian Gentianella tortuosa English (US)
Victorin's Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis victorinii English (US)
Virginia pennyleaf Obolaria virginica English (US-TX)
Virginia Pennywort Obolaria virginica English (US)
Western Fringed Gentian Gentianopsis thermalis English (US)
Western marsh-pink Sabatia campestris English (US)
White Bartonia Bartonia verna English (US-TX)
White Elkweed Frasera montana English (US)
white gentian Gentiana algida English (US)
White Sabatia Sabatia difformis English (US)
White Screwstem Bartonia verna English (US)
Whitehead Enicostema verticillatum English (US)
Whitehead Enicostema sp. English (US)
white-margined Green-gentian Frasera albomarginata English (US)
White-Stem Elkweed Frasera albicaulis English (US)
White-Stem Green-gentian Frasera albicaulis English (US)
Whitish Gentian Gentiana algida English (US)
Wild Succory Centaurium umbellatum English
Wild Succory Sabatia angularis English (US)
Windmill Fringed-Gentian Gentianopsis detonsa English (US)
Wingcup Schultesia sp. English (US)
Wiregrass Gentian Gentiana pennelliana English (US)
Yellow Gentian Gentiana alba English (US)
Yellow Gentian Gentiana lutea English
Yellow Screwstem Bartonia virginica English (US)

sp. = any species


© Gentian Research Network, 2002-2011.
For corrections and additions, contact Lena Struwe at